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GENERAL INFORMATION FOR GREECE


Hellenic Republic (Greece)
National Flag

Area
131,990 sq. km.
Length of State Border
1,228 km
Border Countries
Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
Climate
Temperate and mild, wet winters, hot dry summers
Terrain
Mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
Elevation Extremes
Lowest point : 
Mediterranean Sea 0 m

Highest point : 
Mount Olympus 2,917 m
Geographic Importance
Strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and the southern approach to Dardanelles

Straits a peninsular country possessing an archipelagos of about 2,000 islands
Natural Resources
Lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt
Legal System
Based on Roman law, judiciary divided into civil, criminal, and administrative courts
Time Zone
GMT +2
Official Language
Greek
Currency
Euro
Capital
Athens
Government Type
Parliamentary, Democracy

Unicameral Parliament– 300 seats members are elected by direct popular vote to four-year terms
Head of State
President
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Memberships and International Relations
Greece is a member of several international organizations. Moreover, significant geographical location gives it the advantage of a political, diplomatic and commercial hub.
Some of the institutions to which is a member are
BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECA, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ΕSA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, International Maritime Organization, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, NATO, OECD, OSCE, UN, Security Council of the United Nations , UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, UIS.


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  • Weather

    Locations:
    Athens
    October 23, 2017, 1:36 am
    Clear
    Clear
    17°C
    real feel: 17°C
    current pressure: 1010 mb
    humidity: 77%
    wind speed: 1 m/s N
    wind gusts: 1 m/s
    UV-Index: 0
    sunrise: 7:41 am
    sunset: 6:37 pm
     
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