BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — A man who spent nearly 30 years on Alabama’s death row walked free, two days after prosecutors acknowledged that the only evidence they had against him couldn’t prove he committed the crime.
Ray Hinton was 29 when he was arrested for two 1985 killings. Freed at age 58, with gray hair and a beard, he was embraced by his sobbing sisters, who said “Thank you, Jesus,” as they wrapped their arms around him outside the Jefferson County Jail.
Hinton had won a new trial last year after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that his trial counsel was inadequate. Prosecutors on April 1 moved to drop the case after new ballistics tests contradicted those done three decades ago. Experts couldn’t match crime scene bullets to a gun found in Hinton’s home.
“I shouldn’t have sat on death row for 30 years. All they had to do was test the gun,” Hinton said. The State of Alabama offered no immediate apology.
“When you think you are high and mighty and you are above the law, you don’t have to answer to nobody. But I got news for them, everybody who played a part in sending me to death row, you will answer to God,” Hinton said. “They just didn’t take me from my family and friends. They had every intention of executing me for something I didn’t do,” Hinton said.
Hinton was arrested in 1985 for the murders of two Birmingham fast-food restaurant managers after the survivor of a third restaurant robbery identified Hinton as the gunman.
Prosecution experts said at the trial that bullets recovered at all three crime scenes matched Hinton’s mother’s .38-caliber Smith & Wesson revolver. He was convicted despite an alibi: He had been at work inside a locked warehouse 15 minutes away during the third shooting.
“The only thing we’ve ever had to connect him to the two crimes here in Birmingham was the bullets matching the gun that was recovered from his home,” Chief Deputy District Attorney John R. Bowers, Jr. told The Associated Press.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled last year that Hinton had “constitutionally deficient” representation at trial because his defense lawyer wrongly thought he had only $1,000 to hire a ballistics expert to rebut the state’s case. The only expert willing to take the job at that price struggled so much under cross-examination that jurors chuckled at his responses.
Attorney Bryan Stevenson, who directs Alabama’s Equal Justice Initiative, called it “a case study” in what is wrong with the judicial system. He said the trial was tainted by racial bias and that Hinton, an impoverished African-American man, did not have access to a better defense.
“We have a system that doesn’t do the right thing when the right thing is apparent. Prosecutors should have done these tests years ago,” Stevenson said.
The independent experts Stevenson hired to re-examine this evidence after taking on Hinton’s case in 1999 “were quite unequivocal that this gun was not connected to these crimes,” he said. “That’s the real shame to me. What happened this week to get Mr. Hinton released could have happened at least 15 years ago.”
Stevenson then tried in vain for years to persuade the state of Alabama to re-examine the evidence. The bullets only got a new look as prosecutors and defense lawyers tangled over a possible retrial following the Supreme Court ruling.
The result: Three forensics experts could not positively conclude whether the bullets were fired from Hinton’s revolver, or whether they came from the same gun at all, according to the state’s request to dismiss the case against Hinton. Bowers said the “bullets were so badly mutilated that they did not have the necessary microscopic markings to make a conclusive determination.”
Asked how the state’s conclusions could be so different this time, Bowers said they put the same question to the experts, who said test standards have become more “conservative.”
“Some things back then that experts would be willing to attest to, they would not be willing to attest to now. They would need more now,” he Bowers said.
The science of bullet matching remains the same as it was 30 years ago, even though microscopes have improved since then: a gun is test-fired and the bullet is compared with a slug from the crime scene.
Problems can result mainly through human error, or when analysts aren’t qualified, said Pete Gagliardi, a former ATF special agent in charge and Vice President of Forensic Technology Inc.
Hinton was one of the longest-serving inmates on Alabama’s death row, and is one of the longest-serving inmates to be released in the United States. But Stevenson said there are many others behind bars who were convicted “based on bad science.”
“We’ve allowed too many people to assert things in court that are not credible or reliable, painted over with this kind of scientific expertise which means there could be a lot of wrongful convictions,” Stevenson said.
Hinton left the jail for a cemetery, planning to put flowers on the grave of his mother, who died in 2002.
After that comes the adjustment to the modern world after spending nearly half of his life in solitary confinement.
“The world is a very different place than what it was 30 years ago,” Stevenson said. “There was no Internet. There was no email. I gave him an iPhone this morning. He’s completely mystified by that.”
By Kim Chandler. AP Writer Sadie Gurman in Denver contributed to this story