The waterfront city of Thessaloniki in northern Greece is famed for its cosmopolitan character, diverse cultural history, and old-fashion charm. Thessaloniki is also host to numerous ancient, Byzantine, and ottoman monuments. Ten impressive structures exhibiting the Byzantine Era splendor are listed below.
- The Byzantine walls of Thessaloniki surrounded and protected the city during the Middle Ages until the late 19th century when parts of it were demolished during Ottoman rule.
- The 3 Septemvriou St. archeological site features early Christian graves.
- The late 13th century Byzantine bathhouse, following the Roman bathhouse structure, functioned until 1940.
- The Heptapyrgion is the city’s Byzantine period citadel. Also known by its Turkish name as Yedi Kule, the Heptapyrgion was converted to a prison that’s referenced in popular rebetika songs.
- The 5th century Church of Acheiropoietos, an impressive three-aisled basilica, is one of the city’s earliest surviving churches.
- The 7th century Church of Agia Sophia was converted to a mosque in the 1400s and reconverted to a church with the liberation of Thessaloniki in 1912.
- The 14th century Vlatadon Monastery, at an elevation of 130 meters above ground, offers a great panoramic view of the city.
- The 5th or 6th century Church of Hosios David is a masterpiece featuring early Christian art, frescos, and mosaics.
- The Arch of Galerius and the Rotunda, featuring stunning mosaics, were commissioned by 4th century Roman Emperor Galerius.
- The five-aisled Basilica of St. Demetrios is dedicated to the protector of the city, featuring unique mosaic panels.
Thessaloniki is also home to a number of great museums including the Archeological, Byzantine Civilization, Folklore, Photography, and Jewish museums, as well as the Municipal Art Gallery and the National Museum of Contemporary Art.
The post Thessaloniki’s Byzantine Monuments appeared first on The National Herald.
Source: The National Herald
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